SIGN UP Horse Sport Enews Email* Subscribe to the Horse Sport newsletter and get an exclusive bonus digital edition! The Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI) is proud to announce the launch of the first ever FEI Awards set up to celebrate the equestrian community and pay tribute to the heroes of the sport.“The awards have been created to put the spotlight on all those who have contributed to the progress and excellence of equestrian sport,” said HRH Princess Haya, President of the FEI. “These awards will not only recognise the achievements and success of individuals and highlight the stars of today and tomorrow but they will also bring together all those involved in the sport around the world.”The FEI hopes that these awards and the surrounding ceremony will come to be seen as the ‘Oscars’ of the equestrian world.CategoriesThis year FEI Awards in five categories will be presented:– Athlete of the Year – to a rider, driver or vaulter who has shown exceptional sportsmanship and prowess;– Rising Star supported by HSBC – to a rider between the ages of 14 & 21 has not only demonstrated significant talent but also love of the sport, commitment and practice;– Development supported by Alltech – for a development project, individual or organisation that has shown exceptional skill, dedication and energy in expanding the sport.– Against All Odds – to celebrate a disabled rider of any age who has demonstrated that disability is no hindrance to sporting proficiency.– Groom of the Year – to the often uncelebrated yet important person who works behind the scenes.NominationsNominations are open to all the members of the equestrian community and will be done online through the dedicated website www.feiawards.org. Click now and nominate all those whose talent should be acknowledged and celebrated.The winners will be selected by an international judging panel chaired by the FEI President.Prize-giving ceremonyThe 2009 FEI Awards will be presented to the winning candidates on 21 November at the gala dinner held on the occasion of the annual FEI General Assembly. This year’s event will take place in the Danish capital Copenhagen. We’ll send you our regular newsletter and include you in our monthly giveaways. PLUS, you’ll receive our exclusive Rider Fitness digital edition with 15 exercises for more effective riding. More from Horse Sport:Christilot Boylen Retires From Team SportAfter an exemplary career as one of Canada’s top Dressage riders, seven-time Olympian Christilot Boylen has announced her retirement from team competition.2020 Royal Agricultural Winter Fair CancelledFor only the second time in its history, The Royal Agricultural Winter Fair has been cancelled but plans are being made for some virtual competitions.Royal Agricultural Winter Fair Statement on 2020 EventAs the Province of Ontario starts to reopen, The Royal’s Board and staff will adhere to all recommendations put forward by government and health officials.Government Financial Assistance for Ontario FarmersOntario Equestrian has recently released this update of several financial assistance packages available, including those for farm business.
Fayetteville Police Department(FAYETTEVILLE, N.C.) — A North Carolina man has been arrested for a string of rapes committed a decade ago, police said, after he was tracked down through the same technology used to catch the suspected “Golden State Killer.”Darold Wayne Bowden, 43, was charged in connection with six cold case rapes perpetrated from March 2006 to January 2008 along the Ramsey Street corridor area of Fayetteville, according to a Wednesday statement from the Fayetteville Police Department.Charges against Bowden include: first-degree forcible rape; first-degree forcible sex offense; first-degree statutory rape; indecent liberties with a child; and first-degree kidnapping.Bowden, of Linden, North Carolina, was arrested at his home Wednesday and taken to the Cumberland County Detention Center where he remains on $18.8 million bond, police said Wednesday.He has not entered a plea. His first court appearance is set for Thursday, said Sgt. Shawn Strepay of the Fayetteville Police.Bowden was found through Parabon NanoLabs’ genetic genealogy testing — the same type of technology used to arrest the suspected “Golden State Killer” in April, police said — though Strepay declined to comment further on how Bowden was identified.Multiple arrests have been made throughout the country this year through this technology, in which investigators can cast a wide net, searching distant relatives of an unknown suspect by analyzing the DNA submitted voluntarily to a genetic genealogy database, according to CeCe Moore, chief genetic genealogist with Parabon NanoLabs.This allows police to create a much larger family tree than using law enforcement databases like CODIS, in which an exact match is needed in most states, Moore said.Genetic genealogy “is a major game-changer” for cold cases, Moore told ABC News earlier this year, “because in a genetic genealogy database we can reverse engineer the [suspect’s family] tree from their distant cousins who have tested.”“So it doesn’t matter that they haven’t had their DNA tested through another arrest or crime scene, we don’t need their DNA,” she said. “We need somebody from their family to have tested in order to resolve these cases.”Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
EMYEFT London, UK. The need to rethink best practices in the real estate industry should be clear to anyone. As a second wave of Covid-19 cases shuts down commerce once again, it’s anybody’s guess in what condition the industry will emerge.Even before the pandemic, Margarita Chiclana was among those ringing alarm bells about the threats posed by climate change, overcrowding and various waste and water management issues. An economist, Chiclana recognized that the next generation of industry leaders required better training to meet the significant challenges ahead. So she set about providing that training.To that end, Chiclana built the Global Master in Real Estate Development program at the Madrid-based IE School of Architecture and Design. The 15-month part-time program, of which Chiclana is the director, focuses on real estate investment and development of city infrastructure.“The Covid crisis proved we must not develop our cities in the wrong way,” Chiclana said. “In the end, if you can’t manage these situations then real estate loses value. This has happened in cities such as New York and London.”Chiclana’s goal is to attract professionals from all over the world experienced in all facets of the industry, such as architects, financiers, engineers, urban planners, lawyers and developers. Rather than taking a theory-based approach to real estate, the program will train students in sustainability, investment strategies and other real-world advancements in the field.“There is no university education that combines the knowledge that we are going to impart,” Chiclana said.For this program Chiclana has partnered with C40 supported by Bloomberg Philanthropies. C40 is a group of 97 cities working to confront climate change and build more livable communities that makes the IE-based program as hands-on as possible. Part of the curriculum incorporates an urban competition “Reinventing Cities” in which students find alternative methods to planning neighborhoods that are innovative and focus on reducing greenhouse gasses. Chiclana has also made the issue of climate change central to her master program’s curriculum, encouraging other universities to do the same as cited in the manifesto designed by IE.As a high-level professional, life is a seamless mix of in-person meetings and online collaboration. That’s why IE provides hybrid education which they called “Liquid Learning” that works like you do. It’s not just online. It’s not just on campus. It’s blended. Students attend five face-to-face weeks between Madrid and Mexico City, the rest of the program is all online during 15 months. They also have the option to assist virtually or attend two “immersion city weeks” in whichever cities host the annual Urban Future Global Conference and a post-graduation trip to London at the end of the program. The goal of this Master program is to provide enough flexibility so that busy professionals can study from when it suits them.Chiclana said she expects one of the features likely to appeal to Americans is the program’s diversity. Instructors come from around the world and are significant players in their respective real estate markets. As for students, enrollment is likely to resemble that of another IE real estate program, one that includes 35 nationalities out of 45 pupils.“I think Americans will see the program as an opportunity to broaden their understanding of new markets and learn about new business models,” Chiclana said. “They could also see it as a way to sharpen their problem-solving skills.”Those who expect real estate to return to normal immediately after the pandemic ends may question the need for urban design training. The benefit becomes clear, however, when one considers that 55% of the world’s population resides in cities, many of which suffer from housing shortages and overburdened infrastructure. By 2050, that percentage will balloon to 68%, according to the United Nations.Urban planning has historically played a significant role in other global health crises. The Los Angeles Times reported that past global pandemics typically led to profound changes in architecture and city planning, reporting that even after the bubonic plague of the 14th century, “cities cleared squalid and cramped living quarters, expanded their borders, developed early quarantine facilities, opened larger and less cluttered public spaces and deployed professionals with specialized expertise, from surveyors to architects.”To take a more recent example, in an article from April titled “The role of architecture in fighting a pandemic,” the Boston Globe noted that a single building was partially responsible for a tuberculosis epidemic in South Africa in 2006. The Daily Commercial News, from Eastern Canada, posted an opinion piece that called for public health experts to be involved in urban design.One thing these current leaders won’t do is try to tackle the problems alone, Chiclana said.Building ties within the global real estate market is something that the IE master’s program affords, Chiclana says. She believes these relationships will be useful in years to come, especially in times of crisis.“To confront Covid, the climate crisis and regenerate and adapt the cities to the future, we need to cooperate with one another,” Chiclana said. “For me, ‘cooperation’ is the word for the next decade, not ‘competition.’ We have to work together because none of us, be it New York, London, Madrid or any city can do it alone.”Click here to get more info and see how IE University’s master’s program will work for you.
Although the character of the get-together means that no major decisions will made, the election of Dmitri Medvedev as Russian president offers grounds for a broad review of relations. Discussions are likely to cover the slight easing of tensions between Russia and Poland, and how much further this will need to go to trigger resumption of the long-deferred talks on updating and replacing the EU’s now-expired Partnership and Co-operation Agreement with Russia. Russia lifted a ban on imports of Polish poultry in early March, but continues to stop Polish vegetables at the border. Donald Tusk, the Polish prime minister, has indicated that he would not oppose a new EU-Russia agreement as vigorously as his predecessor.Discussion of the Balkans will dominate the second day, with the upsurge of violence in Kosovo and the tensions with Serbia provoking deep reflection on the upcoming EU mission to Kosovo. Foreign ministers from around the region and all three special EU representatives in the Balkans — Miroslav Lajcak in Bosnia, Peter Feith in Kosovo, and Erwan Fouéré in Macedonia — are due to attend. Discussions are also scheduled on the Middle East, with relations with Iran, Leban-on, and Syria — as well as the Israeli-Palestinian peace process — over an extended lunch.
WASHINGTON — The Trump administration is preparing to take action against China over trade as soon as this week, two administration officials familiar with the issues told POLITICO.President Donald Trump will soon call on U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer to open an investigation against China under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 for violations of U.S. intellectual property rights and forced technology transfers.As POLITICO reported earlier this week, senior Trump aides held a series of high-level meetings in recent days to finalize the decision, which is the culmination of three months of regular huddles on trade. Any administration action would give Lighthizer a leading role in a lengthy investigation that could peer into all aspects of Chinese industrial policies and potentially result in unilateral U.S. trade sanctions. As talk of the possible move circulated this week throughout the trade community, the trade representative’s press office has remained mum.Frustration that China is not doing more to persuade North Korea to rein in its nuclear program seems to be motivating the administration to fire a shot across the bow on the trade front, one source said. Many in the business community are likely to silently cheer the action as long overdue, but others may be worried about a further souring of the business environment and possible Chinese retaliation, a second source said.The Commerce Department is separately completing its own investigation into steel imports that could result in additional actions against China. That investigation is ongoing and likely won’t be unveiled this week, sources said.Section 301 has not been widely used since the creation of the World Trade Organization in 1995, when the United States began to litigate disputes through the Geneva-based body rather than take through unilateral action. However, it remains on the books as a potential tool.Aggrieved industries can file a petition asking for an investigation into unfair trade practices, or the USTR can self-initiate a probe. Once the trade agency makes a finding of unfair trade, it would be empowered to seek a negotiated settlement – backed up with the threat of possible retaliation if no deal is made.Lighthizer is well-versed in the tool from his previous stint at USTR during in the 1980s during the Reagan administration, when it was used on a number of occasions. Trump’s aides have been deeply divided on trade, with top trade adviser Peter Navarro and chief strategist Steve Bannon calling for aggressive measures even as others like National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn have urged caution. But an administration official said the decision to launch a Section 301 investigation won broad support among the president’s ideologically diverse staff.”We found a sweet spot,” one administration official said.An announcement is expected late this week, but an official cautioned it could slip into next week.Trump has grown increasingly frustrated with China in recent months, fuming in public and in private about what he views as the country’s unfair trade practices. He has separately complained that China isn’t doing enough to stop North Korea from developing a nuclear weapon capable of striking the United States.The pending decision would dramatically escalate tension between the United States and China — and it could result in steep tariffs on Chinese goods.U.S. companies have complained they are often forced to share valuable technology with Chinese counterparts as a condition of doing business in the country. Section 301 allows the U.S. to impose unilateral duties against countries that impose barriers to U.S. exports. Meanwhile, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) and other Democrats are set to roll out new trade legislation Wednesday with a special emphasis on stopping China and other countries from cheating on trade rules and manipulating markets for an unfair advantage.Schumer has repeatedly goaded Trump to make good on campaign promises to get tough on China. On Tuesday, he urged the president to punish Beijing for its failure to stop North Korea by blocking it from making any further purchases of U.S. companies. “If China does not change its posture, the U.S. should take clear and firm action to seek to ensure China’s cooperation,” Schumer said.The Democrats’ new bill is part of their effort to convince voters they can offer “a better deal” for the middle class than the Republicans can under Trump.Josh Dawsey contributed to this story. Also On POLITICO Trump plan on China may come as soon as this week By Andrew Restuccia and Josh Dawsey China rebukes Trump: ‘Emotional venting’ is not policy By Negassi Tesfamichael
Free and open to the public, the second annual Oak Street Block Party welcomes a huge roster of funk legends for a daytime extravaganza on Wednesday, April 29. If you though the party stops between Jazz Fest weekends one and two, you thought wrong (this is NOLA we’re talking about). With 7 hours of music across two outdoor stages and the Maple Leaf, food and alcohol vendors, local artists and more, this is sure to be a daytime rager of epic proportions.This stacked lineup features The Oak St. All-Stars (Oteil Burbride, Kofi Burbridge, Roosevelt Collier, Adam Deitch, Adam Smirnoff, Jesus Coomes, Ryan Zoidis, Maurice Brown, & Natalie Cressman), Leftover Salmon, The Nth Power, The Heard, Kung Fu, Eddie Roberts’ West Coast Sounds, Sonic Bloom & Hard Proof.The event is a benefit for the Oak Street community, and WWOZ will be on site collecting donations.
For artists of the Renaissance, the key to truth and beauty lay in the past. Renaissance artists assiduously studied the sculptures and monuments of Greece and Rome and emulated them in their own work. The inspiration they found in those ancient models has echoed down the centuries, influencing the appearance of Western art and architecture to this day.If those 15th and 16th century artists had looked more closely, however, they might have found something that would have changed their vision of ancient art and had a profound effect on their own practice. That element was color.We now know that the unblemished white surface of Michelangelo’s “David” or Bernini’s “St. Teresa in Ecstasy” would have been considered unfinished according to classical standards. The sculpture and architecture of the ancient world was, in fact, brightly and elaborately painted. The only reason it appears white to us is that centuries of weathering have worn off most of the paint.So entrenched has the association become between classical art and the look of white, unblemished marble, that the idea of an Athenian acropolis as colorfully painted as a circus wagon is difficult to imagine if not downright blasphemous. But now an exhibition at the Sackler Museum can help us envision what a color-drenched classical world might have looked like.“Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity” features full-size color reconstructions that challenge the popular notion of classical white marble sculpture, illustrating that ancient sculpture was far more colorful, complex, and exuberant than is often thought.The reconstructions are the result of more than two decades of painstaking research by a pair of married German archaeologists, Vinzenz Brinkmann and Ulrike Koch-Brinkmann. The exhibition was organized by the Stiftung Archäologie and the Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek of Munich, Germany, and has already been shown in a number of European cities. The Sackler is its first U.S. venue.The Brinkmanns used various methods to detect the almost invisible traces of paint on the surfaces of the sculptures they studied. Among these was the use of raking light to reveal incised details as well as subtle patterns caused by the uneven weathering of different paints on the stone surface; ultraviolet (UV) light to bring out slight surface differences; and techniques such as X-ray fluorescence and infrared spectroscopy to analyze the types of pigments employed.While not the first to notice the traces of color on ancient sculpture — scholars were arguing the case for painted classical sculpture as early as 1815 — the Brinkmanns are the first to bring the full armament of scientific equipment to the task.The results are spectacular and reveal much about the way ancient Greeks and Romans viewed their world. Take, for example, the life-size figure of a Trojan archer from the temple of Aphaia on the Greek island of Aegina (excavated in 1811 and acquired by King Ludwig of Bavaria). The figure wears a shirt and leggings covered all over with an intricate red, yellow, blue, and green diamond pattern. Over this he wears a bright yellow vest inscribed with lions and griffins. A tall yellow hat with a flower pattern completes the costume.Lest one think that all this color and pattern may have come at least partly from the Brinkmanns’ imagination, photos on the wall show how UV light revealed each of these details on the weathered and faded original.But why is the archer so elaborately clad? According to Susanne Ebbinghaus, the George M.A. Hanfmann Curator of Ancient Art and one of the curators for “Gods in Color,” the archer probably represents Paris, who started the Trojan War by running off with Helen, the wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, and who later killed the hero Achilles by firing an arrow through his heel.As Ebbinghaus explained, the Greeks of the classical period often represented the Trojans as Persians, whose armies they had successfully repelled in the early fifth century B.C. Persian warriors were generally shown as exotic and a bit overdressed compared with the manly and largely naked Greeks.The contrast between Greeks and Persians can be seen in another reconstruction, that of the so-called “Alexander Sarcophagus,” discovered in Lebanon in 1887. Here the Greek warriors fight entirely naked except for a bronze helmet (apparently taking precautions against head injuries did not reflect badly on one’s valor). The Persians, on the other hand, are garbed like Venetian revelers during Carnevale. Did the Greeks actually fight in their birthday suits? Ebbinghaus was asked. “Oh, no,” she replied. “They were armed to the teeth.”Sculptures on the pediments of large buildings have perplexed scholars who wonder how people could have made out the details of such groupings from their vantage point on the ground. The use of color helps answer that question. The Brinkmanns’ study of sculpture from the “Treasury of the Siphnians” (c. 525 B.C.) has shown that not only was color used to emphasize the details of the figures, but their names were also inscribed on the wall behind them, allowing viewers to identify both the characters and the drama in which they took part.The Romans too painted their statuary, including the marble portrait busts whose realistic features convey such a vivid sense of the appearance and even the personalities of upper-class Romans. With the addition of color, these busts take on an illusory realism comparable to the wax figures at Madame Tussaud’s.A particularly striking bust the Brinkmanns have pointed to is one of the Emperor Caligula (37–41 A.D.). Even taking into account the probability that the artist felt under duress to flatter his imperial subject, it is hard to equate this fresh-faced, earnest young man with the prodigy of cruelty and perversion we read about in the history books.There is much more to see in this eye-opening exhibition, including a room devoted to the earlier art of Egypt and Mesopotamia, which shows that, by coloring their buildings and sculptures, the Greeks were merely carrying on a tradition that had begun many centuries before the flowering of their own civilization. Throughout the exhibition, the Brinkmanns’ painted reproductions are juxtaposed with original Greek and Roman art from the museum’s own collection.The exhibition runs until Jan. 20, 2008. Gallery talks are planned in which Ebbinghaus and others will discuss the use of color in the ancient world and its rediscovery by modern scholars. Accompanying the exhibition is an activity book featuring outline drawings of the sculptures, allowing young visitors to decorate the artwork with their own choice of colors.
The saga of the Lowell House bells, scheduled to return to Russia this summer after 78 years at Harvard, was the subject of a festival and symposium Sunday and Monday (June 1-2) at Lowell House and the Barker Center.The history of the bells is a multifaceted love story of an unusual sort, and a story of homecoming, too.The bells were a gift to Harvard in 1930 by Charles Crane, a Chicago industrialist-cum-diplomat who made his fortune in the manufacture of sanitary plumbing fixtures. He rescued the bells — a set of 17 plus one that didn’t match — from the Danilov Monastery in Moscow at a time when the Russian Orthodox Church was under relentless attack.The Stalinist government of the Soviet Union had decided, as Lowell House Master Diana L. Eck explained it, that “the bells in Russia should be replaced with the sound of factory whistles.”But Crane had fallen in love with the mysterious and compelling sounds of Russian church bells when he first heard them on entering the Russian city of Rostov. When he found out that the Danilov bells were available for purchase, he bought them — 33.8 tons of bronze — for the price of their value as metal and bestowed them as a gift to Harvard.Abbott Lawrence Lowell, the president of Harvard at the time, was known to have an interest in bells. He was rumored to be interested in a carillon that would be able to play “Fair Harvard.”That was exactly what the Danilov bells were not suited to do. As Luis Campos (A.B. ’99 and Ph.D. ’06), a former Lowell House bell ringer, explained at the symposium, “There were no ‘selections’ to be played.”A Western-style carillon is in effect a musical instrument: a set of bells that function together as a single instrument, as a set of strings makes up a harp. A carillon can play tunes. In the very rich, but very different, Russian Orthodox tradition, the bells are chimes. They work their magic not with melody but with complicated rhythms. They are tuned differently from Western bells. And they fulfill specific roles in the spiritual life of the community.Heralding the results of football games, however, was not one of these.And so the bells’ debut on Sunday, April 5, 1931, drew headlines such as “Tons of Chimes at Harvard and Not a Note of Music,” as Campos recalled. But, as he also recounted, there was at the beginning another view of the kind of music the bells should produce, and it was neither “Fair Harvard” nor traditional Russian Orthodox chiming.In Russia, Thomas Whittemore, an archaeologist and historian (Harvard Graduate School ’98) who worked with Crane, engaged Konstantin Saradjev as a sort of curator of the Danilov bells. Saradjev was an unworldly figure who could have been invented by Dostoevsky. The lack of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that made getting Saradjev a visa problematic was only the beginning of the challenges of getting him to Cambridge. As Campos related, he arrived with four pairs of socks, two handkerchiefs, and no knowledge of English.But, as Hugh Olmsted explained in his presentation, Saradjev was a remarkable talent. He had such a keen sense of pitch that he could distinguish among 243 fractional pitches between two whole tones on the musical scale, where most people hear only a single semitone. His vision was to use the Danilov bells for his own musical compositions, or “harmonizations,” as he called them. And he was willing to file the bells down himself to retune them as needed.But, alas, by December 1930, it was clear — to Harvard officials at least — that Saradjev needed to be repatriated for reasons of his own mental and physical health. The installation of the bells awaited the arrival of another Russian expert, this one from New York.When the bells were finally installed, the students of Lowell House were not happy. As Campos related, the ringing of the bells interfered with the students’ sleep and study. Their protests included banging pots and pans, simultaneous flushing of all the toilets in the house (take that, Mr. Crane!) and the heaving of alarm clocks out of windows.The official correspondence about the bells peters out after the late 1930s, but over the decades, the bells worked their way into the hearts and minds — and ears — of Lowell House and the Harvard community.And so by the time the question of repatriating the bells arose in earnest in the 1980s, as the millennium of Russian Orthodox Christianity approached, Harvard wasn’t so sure it wanted to give the bells back.At one point the Danilov Monastery offered an exchange of bells — a new replacement set for the originals. Part of the story is the revival of the art and craft of bell casting in postcommunist Russia.A turning point, as Eck, who is professor of comparative religion and Indian studies, related, came when it was decided, “The University has every right to keep the bells, and every right to give them away.”A delegation came from Russia in December 2003 — this week’s symposium featured a glimpse of the group gathered at the statue of John Harvard. At that point, Lawrence Summers, then president of the University, signaled willingness “to explore what would be involved” in returning the bells.At this week’s symposium, Eck recalled hearing the Lowell bells played by the visiting Russians for the first time and feeling, “These are their bells.”It was a long negotiation, but eventually a deal was struck. The repatriation is being financed by the Russian philanthropist Viktor Vekselberg through his Link of Times Foundation. The bells will be removed from the Lowell House bell tower next month and are to be installed in the rebuilt Danilov Monastery in Moscow by September.
On Monday, Snowstalk revealed the lineup for their third annual event, set to go down on January 24th and 25th, 2020 at Frisco, CO’s 10 Mile Music Hall.In addition to two performances by host band Magic Beans, the two-night event will see sets from Kitchen Dwellers, Kyle Hollingsworth Band, Envy ALO, and High Country Hustle. Both nights will kick off with a special solo set by Magic Beans guitarist Scott Hachey.Single and two-day tickets are now available here, with a discounted Copper Mountain ski pass available as an add-on for those wanting to ski or snowboard during the day.Next up for Magic Beans is a performance at Dallas, TX’s Deep Ellum Art Company on Wednesday, October 30th. Head to Magic Beans’ website for a full list of the band’s upcoming tour dates, ticketing, and more information.
A panel of professors discussed the different current events, issues and policies in the LGBTQ community on Monday at Saint Mary’s. The panel was organized by Eileen Cullina, the President of Saint Mary’s College Straight and Gay Alliance (SAGA). Patrick Pierce, professor of political science, proposed ways for gay rights policies to change over time in favor of the LGBTQ community. The public is very involved in these policies and change will happen more and more with generation replacement and awareness to the problem of redistricting, he said. “Older, more culturally conservative people leave the population, [and] younger, more culturally liberal folks enter the political population,” he said. “Nobody will tell you in the media that a big problem has to do with redistricting. “Republicans who are going to hold more culturally conservative positions, more restrictive positions with gay rights policies – they have been controlling state legislatures. They can redraw the district lines for state legislative districts.” Following Pierce, justice education professor Adrienne Lyles Chockley said the LGBTQ community had great successes in the courts in 2013, and even more major issues are being discussed in the state-level courts right now. “Perhaps the biggest success is the movement in gay marriage,” she said. “Here are the main areas [in which] there is some major stuff happening: family law, association and civil participation, equal benefits, public education and crime and punishment.” Catherine Pittman, clinical psychologist and psychology professor, said there are ways to make change on the city level, raising awareness to rights that LGBTQ individuals. “The truth is, there are a lot of older people who think it’s already against the law to do things that hurt the LGBT community,” she said. “There is an organization called the South Bend Human Rights Commission … [that is] empowered to fight discrimination on the basis of race, religion, color and family status. “They are not empowered against discrimination against gay or transgender people.” Pittman said the possibility for change exists in the local community, and the South Bend LGBTQ community needed civil rights but struggled to prove that there was a local problem with discrimination. “The opposition would say that people are looking for special rights, and there is no evidence that there’s even a problem,” she said. “After about eight years, we finally got the South Bend City Council to pass a law that says if a person is discriminated against on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, they are allowed to go to the human rights commission and ask for help if it has to do with employment, public accommodations, education and housing.” Communication studies professor Marne Austin, said interpersonal communicatio and taking a holistic approach to working through all perspectives articulated is crucial to making shifts in culture. “The jargon and the rhetoric of “coming out” is decades old now, but this idea of coming out of the closet is so grounded in heteronormativity,” she said. “I and several scholars have tried to reclaim the term of “coming out”‘ to “inviting in”. “We can have interpersonal instances of social justice just by talking to people. we can actually make changes in their lives.” Contact Alaina Anderson at [email protected]