National senior men’s football team assistant coach Jerome Waite has backed the Reggae Boyz to bounce back from their defeat in the Scotiabank CFU Caribbean Cup final to CuraÁao, with a better performance in next month’s CONCACAF Gold Cup. Jamaica lost 2-1 after seeing defender Rosario Harriott’s equaliser cancelled out, within a minute of him scoring, by Elson Hooi, who got both of Curaco’s goals at the Stade Pierre-Aliker in Fort-De-France, Martinique. Waite instructed the team in the absence of head coach Theodore Whitmore, who was serving a touchline ban after his dismissal for arguing with officials in the previous game. Waite said that the result would have probably been different had the Reggae Boyz played with a different approach. “It was very disappointing to lose a final,” he said. ” Any final is hard to lose. I feel that we need to play the ball more on the ground and not always go direct.” Waite said that patience is needed as he believes a better showing will come from the team during the Gold Cup. “I am sure that for the Gold Cup we can improve, so we can expect greater things then from the team,” Waite said. Harriott agrees with Waite, but went further to say that the team has many new players, who are still adjusting to playing with each other. “Despite having a young team with a lot of new faces, I feel that we are starting to gel,” he said. “Hopefully, by the time the Gold Cup comes around, we will be able to get some positive results back on track.” A WONDERFUL MOMENT The Harbour View FC man, who came into the game as a substitute for the injured Shaun Francis, described scoring in the final as a “wonderful moment. “It’s always a joy coming on and playing for your country. When I saw the injury to Shaun Francis, I reacted quickly and was mentally prepared for this moment. I felt that (scoring) would give us back the momentum we needed to get back into the game and win the title, but it did not turn out that way at all. It is disappointing not to win, because we certainly have the quality in the team.” The Reggae Boyz will now start preparations for their opening Gold Cup game which, incidentally, sees them meeting Curcao a second time in as many weeks in San Diego on July 9. firstname.lastname@example.org
As a one-two hit to the industry, production at Suncor’s refinery in Edmonton was slowed down by a third-party’s hydrogen shortage. As a result, stations across the region started rationing fuel: some in Fort St. John as low as a 200 litre daily limit. Since then, Suncor spokesperson Sneh Seetal says that their hydrogen supply was replaced late last week, and the idle units are back in operation.However, it will still take weeks for diesel supplies to return to normal, according to Ted Stoner, Vice-President of the Western Canada Division of the Canadian Petroleum Products Institute. He explains that during late fall and winter, supply and demand for diesel is already tight, and “wrinkles” like those in Regina and Edmonton “throw everything for a loop”. “It’s going to take weeks before the inventory start to build up,” he suspects, adding it will come back very gradually. That’s all with the hope that nothing else goes wrong.- Advertisement – Although limits that were in place earlier this month have largely been removed, service stations in Fort St. John still say they are low on supply. UFA Petroleum says it isn’t limiting customers, but is still only pumping diesel from 6 a.m. until 6 p.m. Co-op Petroleum still has a 300 litre limit for its cardholders. Both the Petro-Canada Bulk Plant and the Husky Oil Bulk Plant currently don’t have a limit on diesel sales, but a representative at Husky says that if the shortage continues they’re going to have to place restrictions.
With the writ dropping on April 16, the B.C. Tories are running out of time, but they are hopeful to have a candidate selected by then. It’s unlikely a candidate nomination meeting will be held.At this point, that person will be running against independent Arthur Hadland, MLA Pat Pimm for the Liberals and NDP-backed Judy Fox-McGuire.The B.C. Green Party has elected not to run a candidate in the Peace River North riding this year, and has instead chosen to support Hadland. Executive Director Rebecca Helps explains that Green Party members in the region would not run against him as he shares similar concerns with the party and opposition to the proposed Site C dam. The party also endorse three other independent candidates, including Delta South MLA Vicki Huntington, Cariboo North MLA Bob Simpson and John van Dongen running as an independent in Abbotsford South.- Advertisement –
0Shares0000Wayne Rooney of Manchester United congratulates fellow goalscorer Ander Herrera of Manchester United during the UEFA Champions League qualifying round play off 2nd leg match between Club Brugge and Manchester United held at Jan Breydel Stadium on August 26, 2015 in Brugge, Belgium. PHOTO/AFPMONACO, August 28- Reigning champions Barcelona and returning giants Manchester United were dealt favourable hands in the Champions League draw in Monaco on Thursday.Barca’s quest to become the first team to retain the European crown began smoothly as Lionel Messi and company were paired with Bayer Leverkusen, Roma and BATE Borisov in Group E. United grace the competition after a year’s absence and coach Louis van Gaal, who said he preferred to watch a United reserve side in action than proceedings from the Principality, will be more than happy with the three-time winners’ Group B sparring partners PSV Eindhoven, CSKA Moscow and Wolfsburg.“Great games coming up against Eindhoven, Moscow and Wolfsburg! #UCLdraw #mufc” tweeted new Old Trafford recruit Bastian Schweinsteiger.Chelsea boss Jose Mourinho returns to FC Porto, the club he guided to the continental crown in 2004, with this duo joined by Dynamo Kiev and Maccabi Tel-Aviv in Group G.And there will have been groans emanating from north London with Arsenal pitted against five-time titleholders and old foes Bayern Munich — Olympiakos and Dinamo Zagreb completing Group F.Bayern and Arsenal have met twice in the last-16 in 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 with the German giants winning on both occasions.“I think we’re favourites along with Arsenal,” ventured Bayern director Matthias Sammer.Bayern’s World Cup winning defender Jerome Boateng added: “We have to be happy, it could have been worse. I’m pleased that we’ve already had this opponent (Arsenal) many times before.”Big-spending Paris Saint-Germain and their Qatari backers are desperate to add a European crown to their trophy sideboard.But the quarter-finalists in the last three seasons have a tricky time ahead after being lumped in with ten-time continental kings Real Madrid.But the French champions took the news on the chin – even taking a dig at Real on Twitter, posting a photo of Antonie Komboaure with the caption “PSG-Real. Remember?” in reference to the player’s last minute goal to knock Real out of the UEFA Cup quarter-finals in 1992-93.PSG coach Laurent Blanc commented: “We can consider ourselves and Real as the favourites”Also in the Group A mix are Malmo – the birthplace of PSG talisman Zlatan Ibrahimovic and the side who sent Celtic crashing out of the play-offs on Tuesday – and Shakhtar Donetsk.“It will be fun for Zlatan to come back home,” Malmo assistant coach Olof Persson said.“I think he will be welcomed the way he always is when he comes home –- like the king of Malmo that he is.”Real director Emilio Butragueno noted PSG’s progress into serious players on the European stage.“PSG have grown a lot in recent years, they have signed many good players and have always got stronger. They don’t just have a good starting XI but a very strong squad, so it will be very difficult,” he forecast.He added: “We need to finish first in the group because we know that the knockout rounds are very dangerous. We will see the calendar and prepare well. In the Champions League it is not just a bad night that punishes you, but just a bad 15 minutes.”Group C features debutants Astana, one of three first-timers in the competition, Atletico Madrid, Galatasaray and two-time winners Benfica.Another newcomer, Borussia Moenchengladbach, are set for a Champions League baptism of fire against last season’s finalists Juventus, Manchester City, and Europa League titleholders Sevilla in Group D.Juve chief executive Beppe Marotta: “We’re aiming to get out of the group although there’s no soft teams in there.”City captain Vincent Kompany tweeted: “Good games against great teams, happy with that.”Gent, the third team to be entering uncharted waters, can look forward to trips to Zenit St Petersburg, Valencia — one of a record five Spanish sides — and Lyon in Group H.The first round gets underway on September 15 and concludes next May at Milan’s San Siro which last held the final in 2001, with Bayern Munich beating Valencia on penalties.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
0Shares0000Alan Pardew guided Crystal Palace to the 2016 FA Cup final but their recent Premier League form has been poor © AFP/File / Ian KINGTONLONDON, United Kingdom, Dec 22 – Alan Pardew has been sacked as Crystal Palace manager with the club just above the relegation places, the Premier League side’s chairman Steve Parish said on Thursday.Pardew, 55, guided Palace to last season’s FA Cup final where they lost to Manchester United in extra time but their Premier League form this term has been poor. They have won just four of their 17 matches and only one of their past 11, and are presently only a point above the relegation places.The immediate frontrunner to replace Pardew appeared to be Sam Allardyce, whose England reign lasted just one match before he had to resign after making ill-advised remarks to undercover reporters.Leading English bookmakers William Hill make him even money favourite to replace Pardew.Sam Allardyce is an early favourite to replace Alan Pardew as Crystal Palace manager © AFP/File / JOE KLAMAR“I would like to put on record our sincere gratitude for the tremendous service Alan has given us, both in his time here as manager and previously as a player,” said Parish in a statement published on the club website.“Following a fantastic second half of 2014/15, the 2015/16 season culminated in only narrowly missing out on winning the FA Cup as well as securing our Premier League place for a record breaking fourth time.”Parish said Pardew, who played for the club as well and described his return when appointed manager in early 2015 as a homecoming, had left a legacy which would benefit Palace for years to come.“During his tenure Alan’s hard work and dedication were without question, he has improved so many areas of the club and we wish him the very best for the future,” said Parish.“With games now coming thick and fast over the holiday period the club are hoping to put someone in place as quickly as possible but have nothing to say about a replacement at this time.”– ‘Special bond’ –Pardew, whose previous managerial jobs include West Ham United, Southampton and Newcastle United, said his “special bond” with the Eagles had not been affected by the ending of his managerial reign.“I would just like to take the opportunity to thank everybody at Crystal Palace for their fantastic support,” said Pardew.“In particular a big thanks to the players who gave me absolutely everything and Steve Parish and his board.“Personally I have a lot of good feelings for this football Club and am sad that my time there has ended.”Pardew’s job security had become increasingly precarious with a slump in their league form in the second-half of last season just as new owners arrived in the shape of an American consortium headed by Josh Harris and David Blitzer.Pardew, whose total of 22 Premier League defeats this year is the fourth worst in the history of the EPL, didn’t do his job prospects much good also when he remarked earlier in December the Americans ‘perhaps do not know a lot about football’.His departure before a hectic schedule over Christmas and New Year took some by surprise including former Palace chairman Simon Jordan.“Pardew being sacked has surprised i thought if they did not get 4 points over Xmas he would be gone!” he tweeted.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
“He has shown how influential a figure he is for us in the centre of defence and in the dressing room.“With young David Devine also out for six weeks, it highlights the importance of bringing in Bevis Mugabi to keep the competition high for places.“We wish Charles a full and speedy recovery.”Mugabi signed for the club on September 12 on a short-term deal following a successful trial. Motherwell defender Charles Dunne has been ruled out until at least January after undergoing surgery on a groin injury.The centre-back, who has been a regular performer since joining the club in 2017, went under the knife earlier this week after a scan showed that an operation was required to deal with the injury.Motherwell boss Stephen Robinson said the news came as “a blow” but he was relieved that he had brought in cover for a key position.,“Losing Charles again for a prolonged period of time is a blow,” Robinson told the club’s official website.
Once at the hospital it is alleged that Gary Crowe Jr. fled upon arrival. He was later apprehended by officers with the St. Matthews Police Department and transported to the University of Louisville Hospital for completion of the testing. A warrant was subsequently issued in Indiana for Mr. Crowe. St. Mathews Police then arrested Gary Crowe on the warrant, and he was remanded into the custody of Metro Corrections in Louisville, KY. Gary Crowe Jr. is preliminarily charged with the following:1) OWI Causing Bodily Injury – Level 6 Felony2) Obstruction of Justice – Level 6 Felony3) OWI Endangerment – A Misdemeanor4) Reckless Driving – A MisdemeanorOfficer Hunter Powell of the Jeffersonville Police Department was driving the fully-marked policecruiser at the time of the crash. Officer Hunter was released from the hospital and is recovering at home with his family. This investigation is ongoing. Indiana State Police Troopers were assisted by units from the Clarksville Police Department, the Clarksville Fire Department, and the Jeffersonville PoliceDepartment. On Monday, May 13, 2019, shortly after 7 p.m., Indiana State Policeunits from the Sellersburg Post were dispatched to a crash on Eastern Blvd. and US 31 in Clarksville to investigate a collision in which a marked Jeffersonville Police cruiser had been “T-boned” by a white Chevrolet pickup truck. During the crash investigation, both drivers were transported by ambulance with non-life threatening injuries to area hospitals. The driver of the white pickup, Gary Vincent Crowe Jr., 53, Clarksville, was transported to an area hospital in Louisville to be examined and also to obtain a blood-draw for possible OWI charges.
Share This!This week’s SATURDAY SIX is special one as we once again dust off the blue blazer and step behind the SATURDAY SIX News Desk. If you’re like us you’ve been deluged with news lately. Many childhoods have been “ruined” because of female Ghostbusters, Justin Beiber – a noted Canadian – was offered $5 Million to perform at the Republican National Convention, and maybe most important of all Taco Bell created a Cheetos burrito. However we’ve been informed that a whole lot of stuff happened in the theme park world recently. So we took a page out of our old college playbook, guzzled down a dozen 5 Hour Energys, and pulled another all-nighter. We crammed as much information as possible into our brains so that we could report back to you, Dear Reader, with all the relevant facts (and before we forget it all tomorrow). So sit back, know that you are getting all the news that’s fit to print (and plenty more that’s not), and let’s begin our countdown starting with…# 6 – Universal’s Fast & Furious Supercharged Pushed Back to 2018?Get your Coronas, baby oil, and English-to-Vin Diesel/Vin Diesel-to-English dictionaries ready, SUPERCHARGED is coming in 2018. (photo by Michael Sheehy and Matt Cleary)While many people would scoff at the idea of the Fast and Furious franchise being an equivalent to Star Wars or Harry Potter, the box office numbers show that there is some smoke to that fire. To date the Fast and Furious movies are approaching four Billion dollars, which is about half of what SW and Potter have done, but F&F is picking up steam fast. In part thanks to F&F’s ethnically diverse cast, it appeals to demographics across the globe in a way that very few brands can. For example, in China Fast and Furious 7 opened to $182,000,000 while Star Wars: The Force Awakens opened to $52,000,000.Universal announced that Fast & Furious Supercharged would be making its way to Universal Studios Florida in 2017, replacing Disaster and Beetlejuice’s Graveyard Revue. Walls were put up in front of the old attractions, and graffiti was spray painted along the walls teasing the upcoming Fast and Furious ride. Earlier this summer, the year “2018” suddenly appeared in the artwork, so it looks like Race Through New York starring Jimmy Fallon and Volcano Bay will be Universal’s major projects opening in 2017. Supercharged, with a cast featuring more six packs than a Budweiser plant, will headline Universal’s summer a year later. Hopefully this extra time will allow Universal to develop F&F merchandise that can approach the levels Disney gets with Star Wars and Universal gets with Potter, because that is one area the franchise is way behind in.–# 5 – At Comic Con Disney Announces Guardians of the Galaxy Attraction to a Mixed Near Unanimous Fan ReactionAfter a one year break, Marvel Studios returned to the world famous San Diego Comic Con and dropped some major bombshells, including one for the Disney theme parks. After giving news on their upcoming film slate (including Black Panther, Dr. Strange, and Thor: Ragnarok), Marvel brought out the cast for Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2. At the end of the Guardians presentation, it was announced that a new attraction was coming to Disney’s California Adventure: Guardians of the Galaxy Mission: Breakout. As we wrote back in March (Looking at ways Disney can introduce Marvel to the theme parks) the Guardians of the Galaxy attraction would not be a brand new ride, but instead replace the Hollywood Tower of Terror. The reaction in Hall H was not what anyone would call overwhelmingly enthusiastic. Video by Johan Souply.Theme park fans being theme park fans, a petition was started on Change.org trying to get Disney to “save the Tower of Terror.” As of this writing, the petition has almost 30,000 supporters.Can Marty McFly go back in time to the day before the Hall H Comic Con presentation? Asking for a friend. (photo by Michael Sheehy)New and Improved Tower of Terror? (photo by Michael Sheehy)Just as there has been a loud reaction by fans saying this isn’t the best way to introduce the first Marvel ride inside an American Disney park (including yours truly on the recent E-Ticket Report podcast), many others have knighted up for Disney with the biggest defense being that the Tower of Terror in DCA is just a poor man’s version of what we have down here in Florida (which was voted The Best Attraction at WDW by an all star panel of voters.) I will be the first to completely agree that California’s Tower is a much lesser version of the iconic ride in Orlando, just as Magic Kingdom’s Pirates of the Caribbean can’t touch the original in Disneyland. However, DCA just finished a $1.2 Billion renovation to give the park a whole new look and feel. The overall theme of this entire redo was to try and replicate Walt Disney himself coming to California in the early 20th century. There is no other attraction inside DCA that fits that particular theme better than the Hollywood Tower of Terror.Even if the Change.org petition gets 10,000,000 supporters, Guardians of the Galaxy Mission: Breakout is coming. However where the attraction is going is not even the most surprising part. The most jaw dropping fact is that Tower of Terror will not be shutting down until later this year, with Mission: Breakout opening up in Summer of 2017. Disney will be converting the ride over in a span of 6-9 months. More time is possibly being spent converting Pizza Planet over to PizzaRizzo at DHS. Frozen Ever After, which replaced Maelstrom in EPCOT, took a little over 20 months (and we’ll talk about how that went very shortly.)Long story short, whether or not you’re for or against the ride replacing Tower of Terror, it is exciting to see that we could finally see a Marvel attraction inside a Disney park soon. Although you never get a second chance to make a first impression, and quickly converting over the iconic Tower of Terror building to a Guardians of the Galaxy attraction may not be the best call when you have access to Spider-Man, the Avengers, and the X-Men.–# 4 – Universal’s Coke Freestyle Machines End Free Water DistributionWater, For the Future. (photo by Michael Sheehy and Matt Cleary)As a theme park blogger, we live and breathe on drama. When drama doesn’t exist we have to create it, and nothing is better at creating faux outrage than anytime Universal does anything with water. This time the story revolved around their Coke Freestyle machines. Until this summer, anyone could use the water feature on the Coke Freestyle without buying one of the refillable cups. Then, without warning, all hell broke loose when one day when the water feature was taken off the menu screen.The official answer was taken straight out of Disney’s “due to Guest Demand” playbook, saying that the water feature was removed because more exciting drinks were coming in the future. The unofficial answer, one that we here at the SATURDAY SIX have come to after talking to many sources, is that the water feature was probably turned off for a couple reasons. One logical reason would indicate guests who paid for the Coke Freestyle refillable cups did not like standing in long lines behind people who were just there to get free water. Another reasonable answer is that people only getting the free water would also get ice, causing the machines to regularly run out of ice during the day. Regardless, guests can still get free cups of water at any Universal quick service or outdoor kiosk.–# 3 – Frozen Ever After Debuts With Many Technical ProblemsAs we wrote earlier, Frozen Ever After made its heavily anticipated debut in EPCOT this summer and was received very favorably by critics and fans. That said, many guests have encountered problems with some of the attraction’s show elements. It is certainly not uncommon for major rides to open with technical problems, as both Disney’s Seven Dwarfs Mine Train and Universal’s Escape From Gringotts had their growing pains not that long ago. The difference is that Disney usually completely shuts down an attraction if it is “bad show” until it is fixed, but the well reported long lines have possibly caused Disney to keep running the ride unless several elements go down at once. “I love Frozen the animatronics are amazing” pic.twitter.com/zYbgUUQB3p— 𝖇𝖔𝖇𝖇𝖞 (@BobbyAsen) July 9, 2016After a disastrous start to the summer seasons which included the indefinite delay of Animal Kingdom’s Rivers of Light nighttime show, Frozen Ever After did not get a chance for a “test and adjust” period during what many guests call a “soft open.” On June 20th there were walls up in front of the attraction, and on the morning of June 21st the ride was taking its first FP+ guests. In fact, Disney allowing guests to book FP+ experiences for Frozen Ever After certainly played into the Imagineers releasing the ride into operation before it was actually ready. All that said, given the constraints they had to work with, Frozen Ever After is better than it had any right to be. Yes, it probably doesn’t belong in World Showcase, and it desperately needs a higher capacity, but the ride itself is fun. Disney did a fantastic job with the hand they were dealt.Elsa animatronic has had an issue or two. (photo by Matt Cleary)–# 2 – Soarin’ DistortionSoarin’ Around the World made its debut in EPCOT this summer, and unless you are sitting in the direct center of the ride you get a whole new way to view famous landscapes and architecture from across the globe. With the new 4K resolution comes a whole new level of distortion, making buildings look like they are trying to Bend It Like Beckham.Actual screen shot from the Soarin’ Around the World video. No wonder Brexit passed, the castles in Europe were designed by MC Escher.Another actual shot from the Soarin’ Around the World film. We here at the SATURDAY SIX are 90% sure the Taj Mahal wasn’t built on an angle.The FRANCE PAVILION in EPCOT has been updated to reflect the changes seen in Soarin’ Around the World.–While the audiences still cheer at the end of every Soarin’ Across the World ride, many guests are taken out of the moment by obviously animated objects. During the beginning of the film we see an obvious CGI polar bear that was only missing a six pack of Coca Cola on the ice next to it. A complaint on the previous Soarin’ attraction was the lack of transitions during the ride, and now we can say for once and for all: be careful what you wish for. Soarin’ Around the World is filled with digital transitions including both a plane and kite flying right at you, and elephants kicking up a storm of dirt. Unfortunately the people behind Soarin’ Around the World apparently never watched Jurassic Park and learned the famous quote by Ian Malcolm, “Yeah, yeah, but your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could that they didn’t stop to think if they should.”Many guests seem to think Disney has added too many digital elements to Soarin’ Around the World, including polar bears, whales, airplanes, and the Characters In Flight balloon from Disney Springs. (photo by Matt Cleary)–# 1 – Pokemon Go in the Theme ParksWho saw THIS coming? Pokemon Go was released earlier in July and became an instant worldwide phenomenon. Users of all ages, male and female, were going everywhere they could to capture virtual creatures. Once they capture these Pokemon, the users train them to battle other players in PokeGyms. If you are like Your Humble Author, none of that makes any sense whatsoever, but we can’t deny the game’s popularity. One element of Pokemon Go that is truly fantastic is that it forces users to leave their house in order to find the various Pokemon. This means people are going everywhere to find Pokemon, and we mean everywhere. Turns out one great place to find Pokemon is at your favorite theme park. Disney, Universal, and SeaWorld are all great place to discover whatever it is these players are looking for. There is even a Pokemon Go! in WDW twitter account to alert you to all the latest captures in Walt Disney World.I’ll admit that while I don’t understand anything about the game, and have even less interest in playing it, it’s great seeing so many friends involved in a common hobby. So have fun out there exploring and capturing your Pokeballs but most importantly STAY OFF MY LAWN!Pokemon (photo by Michael Sheehy)So there you have it: A 100% Serious Look at Recent Theme Park News From Disney and Universal. Maybe even 110% See you next weekend for the latest installment of the SATURDAY SIX, where we’ll be going to EPCOT. If you enjoyed yourself, be sure to check out The Magic, The Memories, and Merch! articles, or, for your listening pleasure, check out the E-Ticket Report podcast. You can also follow Your Humble Author on Twitter (@derekburgan)As of this writing, opening day crowds for Universal’s Sapphire Falls still in line waiting to check in.If you enjoyed this article, you will surely like the following:NEWS DESK: King Kong, SeaWorld Spies, WDW Preferred ParkingNEWS DESK: Mulch, Sweat & Shears RIP, WDW Monorail ProblemsNEWS DESK: Muppets Restaurant, WDW Drones, FP+ LinesSix Disney Obsessions We Just Don’t UnderstandSix Universal Trends We Just Don’t UnderstandSpecial Thanks to crack staff photographer Brandon Glover, #blocked and reported for spam Michael Sheehy, master photo manipulator Matt Cleary, Facebook own’s Johan Souply, and blogger to the stars Megan Stump for their invaluable assistance with this article. Be sure to also check out Brandon on The Park Blogger podcast with co-host Aengus Mackenzie along with Meg’s Yeti To Be Named Disney Podcast.
Nelson Mandela’s old room at Liliesleaf. He lived on the farm under the false identity of David Motsamayi, the caretaker of the property. (Image: liliesleaf.co.za) A 3D interactive table allows visitors to pull up videos, images, audio and text about the farm’s history, using two aluminium navigator orbs. (Image: pixelproject.com) Liliesleaf farm, situated in what is todaythe upmarket suburb of Rivonia, north of Johannesburg, was considered the nerve centre of the liberation struggle. (Image: gautengcc.co.za) MEDIA CONTACTS • Maria Dawborn Liliesleaf Trust +27 11 803 7882RELATED ARTICLES • ConCourt art tells SA’s story • Tribute to Arthur Goldreich • Peace Prize focus on women’s rights • Cash boost for Baartman memorial Wilma den HartighLiliesleaf farm in Johannesburg – the site of the infamous raid in 1963 that led to the Rivonia treason trial in which top African National Congress (ANC) leaders were tried for sabotage – brings to life the memories, fascinating stories and events of a turning point in South Africa’s history.Denis Goldberg, member of the ANC’s armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe, clearly recollects the day when the raid on Liliesleaf took place.In a recent filmed interview, Goldberg says he remembers how he felt at that moment when the security police swooped on the farmhouse on 11 July 1963; it was a cold winter’s day, and he says that at that moment it suddenly got “even colder”.Perhaps one of the reasons why Liliesleaf captures the imagination of so many people is because it is a place of memory, legacy and inspiration.“It’s keeping the memory and legacy alive of a particular time in South Africa’s history and ensuring that this story is told,” says Nicholas Wolpe, CEO of the Liliesleaf Trust.Through stories such as the one told by Goldberg, visitors get a revealing glimpse into the lives of the freedom fighters who candidly speak about their personal struggles, memories of Liliesleaf and their contribution to building a democratic South Africa.More than a historical siteLiliesleaf farm, situated in what is today the upmarket suburb of Rivonia, north of Johannesburg, was considered the nerve centre of the liberation struggle.Arthur Goldreich, a member of the South African Communist Party, and his family fronted as the white owners of Liliesleaf farm, while the thatched cottage and outbuildings were used to conceal underground activities.The farm was a secret meeting place for top ANC and Communist Party leaders and it is here that Umkhonto we Sizwe was founded. It was also a hideout of former South African president Nelson Mandela, who lived on the farm under the false identity of David Motsamayi, the caretaker of the property.The raid on Liliesleaf uncovered extensive incriminating evidence that was used by the police to cement their case against several ANC members.Among the most important finds were journals and diary entries written by Mandela, discovered in the coal bunker outside the main house. Operation Mayibuye, the plan which outlined how the resistance movement intended to overthrow the apartheid regime, was also discovered on the farm.“It is a site of immense significance,” says Wolpe.Through the establishment of the Liliesleaf Trust and Legacy Project, the site has been restored, preserved and developed into one of South Africa’s most prominent liberation landmarks.About 60% of the building infrastructure consists of original brickwork. During the excavation process, more than seven different types of brickface were uncovered and any post-1963 brick was discarded.This brickwork was used in the restoration of the historical buildings and structures, which today constitute the museum component of Liliesleaf, a project which began in mid-2004.Interactive museum experienceA visit to Liliesleaf is much more than a dry history lesson. The interactive displays and beautifully restored buildings tell the story of commitment, dedication and selfless sacrifice of many people who fought for freedom from an oppressive apartheid government.A key component of the Liliesleaf Legacy Project has been the interviewing of numerous individuals linked to Liliesleaf, to build-up a comprehensive audiovisual archive of the farm’s history.The interactive tour takes visitors on a journey, retracing the footsteps of prominent anti-apartheid activists who spent time on the farm.At each point in the tour, visitors have an opportunity to experience a first-hand account of the events and circumstances leading up to the raid of the Rivonia farm, through interviews with struggle veterans.In the manor house, a large 3D interactive table allows visitors to pull up videos, images, audio and text about the farm’s history, using two aluminium navigator orbs. Tour guide Zein Khumalo says the table is the only one of its kind in the world.The electronically-controlled cabinet of curiosity holds an account of each event that culminated in the Rivonia trial. As each cabinet is pulled out, the accounts are automatically read out.A telephone rings in the corner of one of the manor house’s rooms – it’s one of those old bulky black phones with a dial, and on picking up the receiver, the telephone plays recorded stories of spy agents, terrorists and infiltrators.The award-winning touch screen technology, telephone stories, sparse furnishings and dark rooms convey the sense of secrecy, fear and tension that the struggle leaders must have lived with every day.In search of a historical artefactIt has been 40 years since the raid took place, yet Liliesleaf remains a living monument to the fight for freedom in South Africa.According to Wolpe, the vision for Liliesleaf Farm took root after a Rivonia trialists’ reunion on the site in 2001. This led to the farm being re-purchased and its original structures were uncovered by archaeological diggings.But after all the excavations, one important item is still missing – the search for Mandela’s highly prized Russian Makarov pistol is still on.Although it was reportedly only buried about 20 paces from the farmhouse kitchen, an extensive search still hasn’t delivered the artefact, now valued at about R22-million (US$3-million).The semi-automatic pistol is believed to be the first weapon of the war against apartheid. It was given to the young Nelson Mandela in 1962 by Colonel Biru Tadesse of the Ethiopian Riot Battalion in Addis Ababa, when Mandela was on a trip to seek military assistance.Mandela hid the pistol, and 200 rounds of ammunition, in a pit deep enough so that a plough could not uncover it, near an oak tree on the farm. At the time he hoped to retrieve it soon, but he never got the chance. A few weeks after he buried the firearm he was arrested and imprisoned.The 93-year-old Mandela can no longer remember the details of where he buried the sought-after weapon.Celebrating South Africa’s journey to freedomAs the search for the valuable firearm continues – and Wolpe thinks that renewed efforts will be successful – the Liliesleaf museum remains an important part of South Africa’s history.“Liliesleaf is our connection to South Africa’s past, a link to the present and a bridge to the future,” he says.What makes a visit to Liliesleaf worthwhile is that the individual memories of the struggle are conveyed by people who were actually there.It represents the beliefs, inspiration and aspirations of a fearless group of leaders who were committed to bringing about socio-political transformation based on democratic principles.“It is important that the memory and legacy of South Africa’s struggle for freedom is preserved in the hearts and minds of all South Africans,” he says.
South Africa was built on mining, and its mines were built on migrant workers. Millions of black men across southern Africa were forced by economic circumstance and taxes to travel to the city of gold, leaving their families at home. (Images: WAM) • Fiona Rankin-Smith Curator Ngezinyawo – Migrant Journeys Wits Art Museum +27 11 717 1365 Fiona.Rankin-Smith@wits.ac.za • Benin gallery keeps African art in Africa • Exhibition exposes apartheid, celebrates South African photography • Soweto: from struggle to suburbia • Historic Soweto township turns 80 • Africanis – the dog of AfricaMelissa Jane CookAs the country emerges from a volatile five-month long strike in the platinum mining sector, the Wits Art Museum (WAM) opens an extraordinary exhibition focusing on migrant workers in South Africa. Migrant labour is fundamental to the making of modern South Africa and the exhibition tells the stories of these men.Ngezinyawo – Migrant Journeys is rich and diverse, and spans many years of collective heritage. Items on display include contemporary artwork, archival documents, photographs, films, music, artefacts from ethnographic collections, and interviews. It glaringly highlights that 20 years into democracy, there are still numerous, unresolved problems associated with the system of migrant labour.The elaborate art, dress, dance, music and song that migrants crafted to assert and express their humanity feature prominently. Life was and continues to be difficult for migrant workers. Performance and song played a vital role in passing on oral histories, for social commentary and artistic expression. These creative outputs show an ability to survive with dignity despite the daily hardships they faced.Like the migrants, visitors to the exhibition participate in a physical journey through the museum. They walk the road alongside early migrants to the cities, who mainly sought work on the mines. Overcoming hostility, harsh living conditions, violence, dispossession and loss are the recurrent themes at the exhibition – yet there are also themes of resilience and creativity.The glitter of goldSouth African society changed greatly when gold was discovered on the Witwatersrand in 1886. This discovery was central to South Africa’s industrial development and to the politics of segregation. Here, on the goldfields of the Rand, the lives of many people intersected. Within a decade, Johannesburg had developed into the largest city in South Africa, populated by tens of thousands. Prospectors, labourers, fortune hunters, shop keepers and immigrants from all over the world flocked to the city. Residential areas were hastily constructed and in the poorer sections slums developed.As the mines went deeper underground, the demand for cheap labour intensified. The Chamber of Mines asked the government to provide a cheap labour supply. Over time, the state introduced a number of measures to force more black men to work in the mines. These included introducing taxes such as the hut tax and the poll tax – they had to leave their land to work in the city to earn money to pay the taxes.For its part, the Chamber of Mines preferred to use migrant labour because they could be paid very low wages. The industry justified the low wages by claiming that the migrants’ families earned an additional income in the reserves. Because migrants were supposedly only part-time workers, the mine owners did not have to provide them with any kind of social security. Mine owners also preferred migrant labour because the workers could be controlled more easily. The men had to sign employment contracts. If they broke their contracts by deserting, which many did, they were arrested and got a criminal record. The migrants were also housed in closed compounds, or hostels, which were tightly controlled.Conditions on the mines were very bad in the early decades. Workers often laboured 14 hours a day. Deaths from major accidents, pneumonia, tuberculosis, silicosis and malnutrition were extremely high.Tracing the journeyTracing the journey from rural areas to the city, the interactive exhibition includes personal objects such as hut tax receipts and a stamped passbook. There are envelopes decorated by self-taught artist Tito Zungu. Using pencil, ballpoint pens and coloured pens, the envelopes were decorated with images of boats, aeroplanes and transistor radios. Moving between time and space, these envelopes made the journey from work to home, linking the migrants’ different worlds. They spent long periods of time away from their families and letter writing was the only means of communication.Personal objects such as walking sticks, snuff bags and pipes that the workers carried with them were powerful reminders of the homes and families they left behind. These objects can be thought of as symbols of the personal journey that they made.Single-sex compounds with concrete bunk beds and cold, bare walls were constructed to house migrant mine workers. Some of these mining compounds, or hostels, are still in use today, although the city of Johannesburg is renovating them and turning them into family units. Photographs and other remarkable objects on display provide insight into the living conditions and hardships encountered in hostels. But there are also extraordinarily creative everyday objects, music and performances that transcended the daily struggle. There are envelopes decorated by self-taught artist Tito Zungu. Using pencil, ballpoint pens and coloured pens, the envelopes were decorated with images of boats, aeroplanes and transistor radios. Kentridge filmA short film by artist William Kentridge is part of Ngezinyawo – Migrant Journeys. It is a dramatization of the inequality and oppression of life on the mines. Set in the over-exploited, scorched industrial and mining landscape around Johannesburg, it represents the legacy of a time of abuse and injustice.Kentridge develops the analogy between the landscape and the mind. A journey into the mines provides a visual representation of a journey into the conscience of the main character, Soho Eckstein, the white South African property owner who exploits the resources of land and black human labour which are under his domain. Throughout the film the imagery shifts between the geological landscape underground inhabited by innumerable black miners and Soho’s world of white luxury above ground. Soho sits at his desk in his customary pin-stripe suit and punches adding machines and cash registers, creating a flow of gold bars, exhausted miners, blasted landscapes and blocks of uniform housing. Soho sits at his desk in his customary pin-stripe suit and punches adding machines and cash registers, creating a flow of gold bars, exhausted miners, blasted landscapes and blocks of uniform housing.The issues surrounding migrants that are addressed in this exhibition are part of a history that continues to profoundly affect South African society. The difficult lives of migrant workers and their families, xenophobic violence and recent upheavals in the mining sector – culminating in the Marikana massacre and this year’s devastating strike in the platinum sector – are just a few of the headlines that confront contemporary South Africa.A book entitled A Long Way Home: Migrant Worker Worlds 1800 – 2014 has been published to accompany the exhibition and includes essays by leading local and international academics.Guardian of the exhibitionThe exhibition was curated by Fiona Rankin-Smith, veteran WAM curator and the force behind important exhibitions such as Figuring Faith: Images of Belief in Africa (2005) and Halakasha, the football exhibition mounted to coincide with the 2010 World Cup.For Ngezinyawo – Migrant Journeys, she collaborated with Peter Delius, the history professor and widely published author from Wits University. “South Africa is internationally infamous as the site of a systematic and pervasive system of racial discrimination. What is less well known, though, is how uniquely fundamental migrant labour was to the making of modern South Africa,” Delius explains.Ngezinyawo – Migrant Journeys is on display at the Wits Art Museum until 20 July 2014.